ACI World publishes annual World Airport Traffic Report

Passenger and cargo growth show remarkable resilience in the face of ongoing global trade and political tensions

Montreal, 20 September 2018 – Airports Council International (ACI) World today published the 2018 edition of its Annual World Airport Traffic Report (WATR) which found that global passenger and cargo growth remained resilient and robust in the face of threats from trade and political tension around the world.

All regions experienced growth with a robust year-on-year global passenger increase of 7.5% in  2017 over 2016, one of the strongest growth rates on record. Air cargo also experienced a revival across many of the world’s airports in 2017, posting a record-breaking jump of 7.7% from the previous year.

As well, aircraft movements increased by 3% in 2017, the highest annual percentage growth increase since 2004.

All told, the world’s airports accommodated 8,277,676,508 passengers, 118,612,750 metric tonnes of cargo, and 95,772,011 aircraft movements.

Aviation’s centre of gravity continued to shift eastward in 2017. Most of the world’s fastest-growing large airports are located in emerging markets; 16 of the fastest-growing top 30 airports with over 15 million passengers are located in just two countries, China and India.

“Global passenger traffic has reached record levels as airports continued to make a crucial contribution to furthering economic development and global connectivity,” said Angela Gittens, Director General, ACI World. “While strong competitive forces continue to drive innovation and improvements in efficiency and service for passengers, airports face the challenges of meeting the continuing global growth in demand for air services.

“The core issue for our industry remains how we respond to this demand at a local, national, and international level as physical capacity considerations and potential bottlenecks in air transport infrastructure pose challenges in accommodating future air transport demand. To help to ensure communities continue to reap the social and economic benefits of air service growth, national policy should be focused on facilitating growth over the long-term, setting out clear objectives for their aviation sector.

“While airports and their partners strive to provide a positive response to the challenges of growth, the threat of heavy-handed regulation that hinders the economic sustainability of airport investment and operation and changes in international trade policy remain fundamental concerns. Protectionist policies that retreat from further economic integration and air transport liberalization could have adverse effects on the industry.

“Global air service growth has remained resilient but the continuing impact of protectionism and trade wars on international air transport services will likely have a major impact on airports in the future. The benefits of increased air travel are clear and further liberalization should be welcomed to maintain growth and improve connectivity to the benefit of the global trade and local communities.

“With data drawn from more than 2,500 airports in more than 175 countries, ACI’s WATR remains the authoritative source and industry reference for airport traffic and rankings. The 2018 edition, in particular, provides an analysis on traffic trends across all regions from 2000 to 2017 and an outlook for 2018.”

International traffic and industrial production: the key drivers for growth

Airports located in countries that are major exporters of manufactured goods handled almost 75% of global air cargo volume. Even with the uncertainty regarding the threat of trade wars and the growth of protectionist sentiments across the world, industrial production continued to make gains as a result of the cyclical recovery in the global economy. Inventory build-ups, augmented export orders and a strengthening of consumer demand reflected in increased online purchases were important drivers in the near-term. All of this translated into growth in air cargo volumes.

Emerging markets Vs. advanced economies

Passenger traffic in advanced economies grew 5.2% while passenger traffic in emerging economies grew 10.3% in 2017. It is expected that rising incomes in emerging markets will help propel global traffic to new heights in the coming decades as new aviation hubs begin to overtake the more mature markets of Western Europe and North America.

Sizeable population bases and rapid rises in incomes in emerging markets are the

main economic engines driving air transportation demand. The growth potential can be illustrated by the fact that countries located in emerging markets account for over 85% of the world’s population but less than half of global Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

World busiest airports for passengers

With 13 airports out of the top 30 busiest passenger hubs, Asia-Pacific dominates the ranking for 2017. Traffic at the world’s 30 busiest air passenger hubs grew 5.4% last year, serving almost 2 billion passengers, 24% of all global passenger traffic.

Atlanta-Hartsfield-Jackson maintained its position as the world’s busiest airport by handling just under 104 million passengers in 2017; Beijing held second spot with over 95 million passengers; Dubai International remained in third position with more than 88 million passengers and maintained its position as the world’s busiest hub for international passenger traffic.

Busiest airports for air cargo

Total air cargo volume at the 30 busiest cargo airports grew 7.3% in 2017. These airports handled a combined 62 million metric tonnes of cargo, representing 52% of all global air cargo volume. Hong Kong leads the ranking with five million metric tonnes of cargo handled in 2017, a 9.4% increase over 2016.

Memphis remained in second place with 4,3 million metric tonnes and Shanghai stayed in third with 3,8 million metric tonnes.

Notes for editors

  1. Top 20 airports for passengers and cargo – and a factsheet on key statistics from the WATR – are available for download.
  2. Airports Council International (ACI), the trade association of the world’s airports, was founded in 1991 with the objective of fostering cooperation among its member airports and other partners in world aviation, including the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Air Transport Association and the Civil Air Navigation Services Organization. In representing the best interests of airports during key phases of policy development, ACI makes a significant contribution toward ensuring a global air transport system that is safe, secure, efficient and environmentally sustainable. As of January 2018, ACI serves 641 members operating 1953 airports in 176 countries.
  3. To order a PDF copy of the Report, please visit ACI’s publication section.

Media contacts:

Hicham Ayoun
Manager, Communications
ACI World
Telephone: +1 514 373 1223
Email: mediarelations@aci.aero

Anita Berthier
Manager, External Relations and Special Events
ACI World
Telephone: +1 514 373 1254
Email: mediarelations@aci.aero

Supplementary Tables:

Airport Ranking by Passengers

RANK 2017RANK 2016AIRPORT CITY / COUNTRY / CODEPASSENGERS: Departing and ArrivingPASSENGERS: Percent change
11ATLANTA GA, US (ATL)103 902 992-0.3
22BEIJING, CN (PEK)95 786 4421.5
33DUBAI, AE (DXB)88 242 0995.5
45TOKYO, JP (HND)85 408 9756.5
54LOS ANGELES CA, US (LAX)84 557 9684.5
66CHICAGO IL, US (ORD)79 828 1832.4
77LONDON, GB (LHR)78 014 5983
88HONG KONG, HK (HKG)72 664 0753.4
99SHANGHAI, CN (PVG)70 001 2376.1
1010PARIS, FR (CDG)69 471 4425.4
1112AMSTERDAM, NL (AMS)68 515 4257.7
1211DALLAS/FORT WORTH TX, US (DFW)67 092 1942.3
1315GUANGZHOU, CN (CAN)65 887 47310.3
1413FRANKFURT, DE (FRA)64 500 3866.1
1514ISTANBUL, TR (IST)64 119 3746.1
1622NEW DELHI, IN (DEL)63 451 50314.1
1719JAKARTA, ID (CGK)63 015 6208.3
1817SINGAPORE, SG (SIN)62 220 0006
1920INCHEON, KR (ICN)62 157 8347.5
2018DENVER CO, US (DEN)61 379 3965.3
TOTAL1 470 217 2165.2

 

Airport Ranking by Cargo

RANK 2017RANK 2016AIRPORT CITY / COUNTRY / CODECARGO (Metric tonnes): Loaded and UnloadedCARGO (Metric tonnes): Percent change
11HONG KONG, HK (HKG)5 049 8989.4
22MEMPHIS TN, US (MEM)4 336 7520.3
33SHANGHAI, CN (PVG)3 824 28011.2
44INCHEON, KR (ICN)2 921 6917.6
56ANCHORAGE AK, US (ANC)2 713 2306.7
65DUBAI, AE (DXB)2 654 4942.4
77LOUISVILLE KY, US (SDF)2 602 6956.8
88TOKYO, JP (NRT)2 336 4277.9
911TAIPEI, Chinese Taipei (TPE)2 269 5858.2
109PARIS, FR (CDG)2 195 2292.8
1110FRANKFURT, DE (FRA)2 194 0563.8
1213SINGAPORE, SG (SIN)2 164 7007.9
1314LOS ANGELES CA, US (LAX)2 158 3248.1
1412MIAMI FL, US (MIA)2 071 7222.9
1515BEIJING, CN (PEK)2 029 5844.5
1616DOHA, QA (DOH)2 020 94215
1719LONDON, GB (LHR)1 794 2769.4
1818GUANGZHOU, CN (CAN)1 780 4237.8
1917AMSTERDAM, NL (AMS)1 778 3824.9
2020CHICAGO IL, US (ORD)1 721 80712.6
TOTAL50 618 4976.8

 

Airport Ranking by Movements

RANK 2017RANK 2016AIRPORT CITY / COUNTRY / CODEMOVEMENTS: Take-off and LandingsMOVEMENTS: Percent change
11ATLANTA GA, US (ATL)879 560-2.1
22CHICAGO IL, US (ORD)867 049-0.1
33LOS ANGELES CA, US (LAX)700 3620.5
44DALLAS/FORT WORTH TX, US (DFW)654 344-2.7
55BEIJING, CN (PEK)597 259-1.5
66DENVER CO, US (DEN)574 9661.7
77CHARLOTTE NC, US (CLT)553 8171.5
88LAS VEGAS NV, US (LAS)542 9940.3
99AMSTERDAM, NL (AMS)514 6253.6
1010SHANGHAI, CN (PVG)496 7743.5
1111PARIS, FR (CDG)482 6760.7
1212LONDON, GB (LHR)475 9150.2
1315FRANKFURT, DE (FRA)475 5372.7
1416TORONTO ON, CA (YYZ)465 5552
1523GUANGZHOU, CN (CAN)465 2956.9
1614ISTANBUL, TR (IST)460 785-1.2
1718SAN FRANCISCO CA, US (SFO)460 3432.2
1820TOKYO, JP (HND)453 1261
1913HOUSTON TX, US (IAH)450 383-4.3
2019MEXICO CITY, MX (MEX)449 6640.3
TOTAL11 021 0290.5