Air transport ended 2016 on a strong footing despite terrorist attacks, geopolitical tensions and economic uncertainty
|Montreal, 22 February 2017 – Whether it was caused by Brexit, the American presidential election, or the hostilities in Syria, the spectre of economic uncertainty permeated the global economy and the aviation sector throughout 2016. The increased rhetoric about protectionist policies in some Western countries also threatens the trend toward increased air service liberalization, otherwise known as Open Skies.
Yet, aviation is characterized by its ability to adapt and recover from adversity irrespective of the event or circumstance. Microeconomic factors that are omnipresent across the industry, which include heightened competition with the increased presence of the low-cost business model among carriers coupled with historically low jet fuel prices, have acted as catalysts to stimulate demand through lower fare offerings. Since the end of the Great Recession in 2009/early2010, global passenger traffic has risen 5.5% on an annualized basis; a testament to air transport’s resilience.
In 2016, the world in general and the industry in particular experienced terrorist attacks around the globe, including those at Istanbul Atatürk Airport and Brussels Airport. These atrocities represented a setback for aviation in these countries but the net effect on air transport demand in Europe was minimal. While passenger traffic was reduced at the targeted airports in the months following the attacks, the versatility of the overall air transport sector was apparent through departure and destination switching on the part of passengers. The array of connecting options at airports across Europe and the Middle East for medium and long haul flights allowed passengers to quickly substitute connecting airports on their journey.
Global passenger traffic grew 7.3% in December 2016 and 5.5% for the year as a whole. The fact that Christmas and the Gregorian New Year holidays fell on the weekend partly accounted for the boost in traffic for the month of December. International passenger traffic grew faster than the domestic component in 2016 (6.5% versus 4.9%). All regions except Africa posted growth in passenger volumes for the year, ranging from 2.2% in the recessionary Latin America-Caribbean region to over 9.0% in the buoyant Asia-Pacific and Middle East regions. African passenger traffic dropped by 1.9%. The mature markets of Europe and North America grew 5.0% and 3.9% respectively for 2016 and continued to be well above the regions’ historical growth levels.
Air freight traffic
Air freight markets experienced a revival in the second half of 2016. Volumes increased 3.5% for the year as a whole with a dramatic jump of 8.9% for the month of December brought on by an increase in volumes at airports in the Europe, Middle East and Asia-Pacific regions. In fact air freight volumes in each of these regions increased over 10.0% for the month of December. Despite the long-term uncertainty regarding trade policies, heightened business confidence through inventory build-ups and increased export orders remained apparent in the near term.
|Notes for editors|
|1. Airports Council International (ACI), the trade association of the world’s airports, was founded in 1991 with the objective of fostering cooperation among its member airports and other partners in world aviation, including the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International Air Transport Association and the Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation. In representing the best interests of airports during key phases of policy development, ACI makes a significant contribution toward ensuring a global air transport system that is safe, secure, efficient and environmentally sustainable. As of January 2017, ACI serves 623 members operating 1,940 airports in 176 countries.
2. PaxFlash and FreightFlash statistics are based on a significant sample of airports that provide regular monthly reports to ACI. They represent approximately 60% of total passenger traffic and 70% of total freight traffic worldwide. Commentary, tables and charts are based on preliminary data submitted by participating airports and are therefore subject to change.
3. Download the PDF version of this Media Release.
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|Charts and tables
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